Although studying a foreign language and its literature is often considered academic and usually requires at least four years of study, programs that focus on training students to be interpreters and translators of a given language may be considered vocational.

Interpreters and Translators help convey concepts and ideas from one language to another. They may put together glossaries or other tools for later use, or they may help people in person. Interpreters deal with spoken language (and, in some cases, sign language), and translators focus on written language.

There are many different types of interpreters and translators. Guide Interpreters help visitors who do not speak the language of the country they are visiting; Health or Medical Interpreters and Translators assist patients in communicating with doctors, nurses, and other medical staff. Literary Translators convert text (including poetry and fiction) from one language to another, paying special attention to the author's voice, which may be affected by translation.

Related Fields: Communication, Journalism, and Related Programs

 Job Title
 Average Annual Income  Projected Job Growth, 2012-22*  Projected Job Openings, 2012-22
Interpreters and Translators $47,920

*Projected Job Growth, 2012-2022 Key

Faster than average
(more than 15%)
(8% to 14%)
Slower than average
(less than 7%)

Occupational Outlook Handbook: